Jinan Jeesun CNC Machinery Co., Ltd

What is the Difference Between a CNC Router Machine and a CNC Engraving Machine?

What is the Difference Between a CNC Router Machine and a CNC Engraving Machine


CNC wood engraving machine or CNC wood carving machine is an intelligent carving equipment, and CNC router machine is an intelligent cutting equipment to produce plate furniture.

2.Application Area:

CNC router machine and CNC engraving machine overlap in function. The CNC router machine is mainly used for cutting, punching, grooving, milling, engraving and other functions of panel furniture production, while the CNC engraving machine is mainly used for relief, hollow carving and three-dimensional engraving of plate or three-dimensional parts.

3.Price and Configration:

In addition, from the price point of view, the price of the CNC router is much higher than that of the CNC engraving machine, and the factors affecting the price are mainly reflected in the different configuration and control systems.

4.CNC Router Table:

4.1 CNC Engraving Machine:The configuration of the CNC engraving machine is generally the ordinary smoldering bed, the slider of the guide rail is generally 20 models, the mesa structure is mostly made of aluminium alloy with soft PVC, the driving motor is mostly Chinese made stepper motor, and the rack is also the rack of 1.25 mesh with small modulus. The comprehensive embodiment of these configurations is that the running speed is slow, and the loss of accuracy will be caused by long-time heavy-load operation. Accurate,The configuration will even affect the life of the machine.

4.2CNC router:Nowadays, most of the CNC router table is double-deck heavy five-sided milling machine bed. Its stability and firm performance are much better than that of the CNC carving machine. The overall weight of the CNC router machine is double or even more than that of the CNC carving machine . The desktop structure is mostly rigid fire-proof PVC vacuum adsorption desktop. In order to meet the high-precision and heavy-duty work of sheet cutting, the CNC router machine mostly chooses 25 or 30 square rail slider . The type of square rail slider is equipped with reducer in XY axis, brake holder in Z axis and rack is mostly 1.5 mesh. The driving motor is also Chinese made hybrid servo, closed-loop pure servo or Germany servo motor, which not only meets the requirements of high speed and precision, but also meets the requirements of long-term processing and improves the processing efficiency.

cnc router motor
CNC router motor


The CNC Router part–spindle configuration of the two kind of machine is different, the CNC engraving machine is generally a low-power water-cooled spindle or a low-power air-cooled spindle, generally 1.5 kw, 2.2 kw, 3.2 kW and so on. In order to cut sheets at high speed, most of the CNC Router are equipped with high-power air-cooled spindles, such as 4.5KW, 6KW, 9KW, 12KW and so on.

6.Control System:

In terms of control system, the CNC engraving machine is usually the control system of Weihong board or the handle control system of four-axis machine, and many manufacturers are equipped with pirated cards, although the price is low, but also prone to some problems. The piracy system is seldom used in the feeder, most of which are Shenzhen Shanlong, Shanghai Weihong, Taiwan Baoyuan or the new generation of intelligent panel control system. This also makes the performance of the machine much better than that of the engraving machine.


cnc router software
cnc router software for furniture

Moreover, the use of the software is different, CNC engraving machines are generally used Wentai, Artcam, PM and other software to facilitate the implementation of sculpture cutting relief hollow operation. Because of the functional requirements, most of the CNC router use some professional software, such as Yunxi, Alpha, Xinxiaoyuan, 1010, Haixun and other professional cabinet door software. It is more convenient to learn and operate, and more powerful in function realization.

The functions of on-line design, 3D rendering, two-dimensional rendering, one-button disassembly, optimized layout and automatic hole arrangement can be realized by using matching layout software of CNC router. With vacuum adsorption table, the processing efficiency is greatly improved. And with different shapes of pattern knives, not only can achieve all the functions of the engraving machine, but also make cabinet doors, wooden doors, compared with the engraving machine, the function of CNC router is greatly improved.


Above is the difference between the basic CNC engraving machine and the CNC router machine. In addition, the details of the two machines are also very different.

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